LITHUANIA’S EXPO PAVILLION AT the global exposition that will take place in Zaragoza, SPAIN in 2008
Formation of the draft Lithuanian expo pavilion in a chosen location
The creation of the hypothetic model of the Lithuanian expo pavilion was started two years ago when the Master thesis were started to be written.
It was known where the international Expo exhibition will take place, but there was no detailed information about the location.
Therefore the creation of the pavilion was started based on the formation principles applied in the Expo 2000 in Hanover:
1. The territory of the Expo exhibitions is divided according to the number of the participating countries;
2. A site is given for a country for formation of the representative volume;
3. The idea of the volume is free and does not depend on the context.
With the global exposition on Zaragoza approaching it turned out that the organizers of the exposition are forming the ensemble of the Expo 2008 village and the pavilions of the countries are getting a joint exposition pavilion.
In the several-store high pavilion designed the participating countries will have to represent themselves by an interior solution.
Therefore at the level of the master thesis it has been decided to design the hypothetical model of the Lithuanian exposition pavilion according to the goals formed in the beginning of the Master thesis.
The hypothetical model of the Lithuanian exposition pavilion is composed between the „thematic squares” and the “bridge pavilion “. The form of the pavilion site and its position in the overall context has been designed considering the overall townscape of the exhibition village. The form of the pavilion site has been determined by the nearby composition of the “thematic squares”. It is a space situated between the EbroRiver and the building of international pavilions, in which thematic pavilions and recreational spaces are integrated in a free style. This zone of “thematic squares” is the main connection between the whole exhibition village and the EbroRiver. It ensures large visitor flows in this zone of the exhibition village.
The concept of the pavilion
The topic of the global exposition that will take place in Zaragoza, Spain in 2008 is Water and Sustainable Development”. In order to represent our country effectively, besides a good architectural idea we need to introduce the topic of the exposition into the architectural volume. Therefore the concept of the Lithuanian pavilion is Rainbow.
Lithuania is a rainy country covered with dew. It is green and wet, colorfully warm So the expo volume is a space created with the help of water and light. The idea is that the visitor is inside of the rainbow and can feel the nature – the absolute freedom. In the morning the visitors would step in the grass covered with dew with their bare feet and would move in the fog. At daytime the rainbow would be formed, in which the visitors would enjoy the spectrum of colors and relax.
A rainbow is an optical and atmospheric phenomenon when the sunlight falls on the water drops that are in the atmosphere and a continuous strap of the color spectrum appears in the sky. The form of the rainbow is a colorful arch with the red color on the outer side and the purple one on the inner side. The rainbow includes the continuous spectrum of the colors, the colors are seen in such sequence: Red, orange, yellow, cyan, blue and purple.
The rainbow actually is not situated in some certain part of the sky. It is an optical phenomenon and the location in which the rainbow is observed depends on the positions of the observer and the Sun. All the water drops refract the rays in the same way, but only a part of the rays reaches the eyes of the observer. These rays are the ones that compose the view of the rainbow for the observer. The rainbow is always on the opposite side to the observer than the Sun is.
The effect of the rainbow is possible when there are water drops in the air, which are lit by sun rays that are coming from the back of the observer in a low height or in a proper angle.
The rainbow appears because of the dispersion of the sunlight when the rays refract coming through the drops that have the form very close to the spherical one. The light is first refracted when it enters through the surface of the rainbow then it reflects on the other surface of the drop and once again it is refracted when coming out of the drop. This way the incoming light is reflected in different angles, the size of which depends on the refractive index of the drop.